The Seven Kinds Of Offerings To The Sangha

The Buddha then explained to the Venerable Ananda: ‘There are seven kinds of offerings made to the Sangha, Ananda.

[1]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of both bhikkhus and bhikkhunis headed by the Buddha: this is the first kind of offering made to the Sangha.

[2]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of both bhikkhus and bhikkhunis after
the Buddha has attained Parinibbana: this is the second kind of offering made to the Sangha.

[3]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of bhikkhus: this is the third kind of offering made to the Sangha.

[4]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of bhikkhunis: this is the fourth kind of offering made to the Sangha.

[5]  One makes an offering, saying:  ‘Appoint so many bhikkhus and bhikkhunis to me from the Sangha’: this is the fifth kind of offering made to the Sangha.

[6]  One makes an offering, saying: ‘Appoint so many bhikkhus to me from the Sangha’: this is the sixth kind of offering made to the Sangha.

[7]  One makes an offering, saying: ‘Appoint so many bhikkhunis to me from the Sangha’: this is the seventh kind of offering made to the Sangha.’ These are the seven types of offering to the Sangha.

The Buddha then compared personal offerings to offerings to the Sangha: [ In future times, Ananda, there will be members of the clan who are ‘yellow-necks’, immoral, of evil character. People will make offerings to those immoral persons on behalf of the Sangha. Even then, I say, an offering made to the Sangha is incalculable, immeasurable. And I say that in no way does an offering to a person individually, ever have greater fruit than an offering made to the Sangha.]